Apart from the theatrical performances, the music events are also very popular in ancient Greece. These are mainly music contests, that is, competitions of music, singing, poetry, dancing, which take place in the framework of great religious celebrations. In ancient Athens, a building suitable for music competitions was constructed for the first time on the south slope of the Acropolis, in the 5th century B.C., in the time of Pericles. It was named odeion, from the word “ode” which means hymn, singing. But it is during the Roman period that the odeia -the spaces for the music spectacles- flourish and very often they are built right next to the theatres.